Old Stone Bridge

E Mount Avenue and Grand Avenue
Atlantic Highlands
NJ 07716

Old Stone Bridge

Historical Feature


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Laid out in 1870, Mount Avenue could carry horse drawn carriages up to the hilltop, a road s steep it was called "Break-Neck Hill." Later, the north-south route of Grand Avenue was cut through Mount Avenue, and a wooden bridge was built to carry Mount over Grade.

In 1896, this was replaced with a stone bridge in rustic style with a skew arch. The bridge was faced with local fieldstone known as "peanut stone" after the chunky pebbles embedded in it.

The project was especially favored by neighboring landowners who were interested in promoting development of the area for residential use. Among the landowners were George F. Lawrie, Hanford Crawford and A.P.Bollor on the uphill side, and Charles E. Crowell whose property adjoined the bridge on the west. This sturdy bridge made a firm road connection into the eastern hills section of town, where a water supply tank installed on the "Observatory Park" hilltop in 1894 had already increased the prospect for housing to be built.

Lawrie, the main promoter (also President of the Casino Club), deigned and supervised construction by Nimrod Woodward. The cost was $3,532.89, paid mostly by Lawrie, with the balance coming from contributions by other nearby landowners, public donations, and $800 appropriated by the Borough government. The bridge was named "Oounuehko," which Lawrie claimed was the name of band of Lenape Indians in the area. Actually, the word is from a Massachusetts Indian dialect and means "a valley."

Structural weaknesses lead to reconstruction of the bridge in 1994, but its exact original form was kept, with the same peanut stone facing. Monmouth County has no other bridge like it.


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