Bei Ding Niangniang Temple

Bei Ding Niangniang Temple

LandmarkCultural SiteHistorical FeaturePlace of Worship

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Bei Ding Niangniang Temple, one of the most famous Five Dings, is the landmark building at the north end of the central axis of Beijing City, witnessing the city’s economic development and its folkloric activities. In 2003, the temple was listed as a Municipal Degree Cultural Relic Protection Unit.
Niangniang Temple was built in Ming Dynasty, Xuande period (1426A.D-1435A.D) and was rebuilt under the order of Emperor Qianlong (1735A.D.-1796A.D.). Several gods were enthroned here, Goddess Bixia, Eye Goddess, Posterity Goddess, Dongyue God, Jade Emperor, Guan Ti, Medicine King, and so on. The whole temple occupied an area of 10,000 square meters. Along with the central axis of the temple were the Gate, Hall of Heavenly Kings, Hall of Niangniang, Hall of Dongyue God, and Hall of Jade Emperor, altogether four parts of yards. In the history, Niangniang Temple held temple fair in April each year, which was regarded as an important mercantile exchange place.
In 2002, the village of Bei Ding had to be moved away for the construction of Olympic venues. Bei Ding Primary School and Bei Ding Foundry Factory were closed, and villagers living in the temple were also evacuated. In 2003, Bei Ding Niangniang Temple was officially ratified as one of the Seventh Batch of Municipal Degree Cultural Relic Protection Units, and thus, the protected area of the Temple was recognized. In 2004, Chaoyang Cultural Committee, together with Beijing Municipal Administration of Cultural Heritage Study Institute, explored the archaeological site of Niangniang Temple. After careful exploration, a temple, occupying 10,000 ㎡, with ancient buildings of more than 1,000 ㎡, and archaeological site of 3,000 ㎡, came out finally. Later, relevant heritage protection administrations carried out a comprehensive exploration of Bei Ding Niangniang Temple, and finally, decided the archeological site of the temple, which was right in the location of the National Aquatics Center (the Water Cube), hence posing a threat to the rehabilitation of the temple. In order to better reserve the temple, after careful studies by the Olympic Committee, Beijing Municipal Commission of Urban Planning and Beijing Municipal Administration of Cultural Heritage, the originally designed proposal of the National Aquatics Center had to be revised 100 meters northwards.
In 2007, Bei Ding Niangniang Temple was used as a branch of Beijing Folk Custom Museum, which devoted huge efforts into molding statuaries, painting works etc. (“Beiding NiangNiang Temple”), and is currently also under the management of BFCM.

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Beiding Niangniang Temple and Bird Nest-Cui Jinze

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