Geological FeatureWater FeatureEco Landscaping


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A bluff is a type of broad, "steep cliff which borders a river or other coastal area" (2010). They can also be known as a hill slope and typically form where a river meanders, or curves. When the dip in a river bank breaks or is no longer supported, "the upper part of the bank breaks off, leaving the high wall of a bluff" (2016). Bluffs widen due to erosion along the flood plain of a river as meandering gradually shifts it from side to side. Bluffs can be compared to cliffs, as they are due to a body of water pushing against the land. The biggest difference between the two is that bluffs slope downwards into a body of water, whereas cliffs typically stay more leveled or up high.

Evers, J. (2016, February 09). Bluff. Retrieved July 07, 2019, from

StLouisCountyMN. (2010, May 03). How to Identify a Bluff. Retrieved July 07, 2019, from

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