taoyuan county
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梅鶴山莊

Historical Feature

Overview

梅鶴山莊
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大溪鎮林宅梅鶴山莊起造年代約為清末同治8年(西元1869年),位於大溪鎮福安里6鄰頭寮1號,當時主人為林家二十五世組圻海公號登雲,林圻海興建大宅堂號「吉慶堂」,並依北宋隱士林和靖,人稱「梅妻鶴子」的典故而將大宅命名為「梅鶴山莊」, 當初起造聘請唐山地理師主庚建造兩落四護龍之土確宅第,之後又陸續有修繕增建,但如今依然維持兩落四護龍外觀,而門廳額「榮封第」是林氏在光緒年間為父親出請五品大夫的封典榮銜之後所題,林家子孫世居此宅,現仍有11戶後代子孫住在梅鶴山莊內。大宅由內而外中軸線的空間層次有:「門樓」、「外埕」、「轎廳」、「中庭」、「廳堂」,外觀為傳統三合院格局,而左右護龍各為兩道,成為「兩落四護龍」格局,但是頗為寬闊,正面半月池已消失成為菜園,外牆以石塊堆砌成形,牆縫之間留有「銃眼」,由於宅第為處漢番交界之地,防禦工事處處可見,諸如戰爭開槍之「銃眼」設置與大門封鎖之「連楹」、「伏兔」設置,顯現因居住險境之處而為宅第增加許許多多防禦工事為此宅一大特色,正面入口「門樓」因後代修繕傾向華麗並有「燕尾」裝飾(與主體不符),而大宅主體屋脊並無「燕尾」裝飾,顯現修繕技術交代不清,況且建物至今從無專業傳統修繕。

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梅鶴山莊

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