Canal Rideau - Site patrimoine mondial / Rideau Canal – UNESCO world heritage site

Canal Rideau - Site patrimoine mondial / Rideau Canal – UNESCO world heritage site

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Ce canal monumental qui date du début du XIXe siècle s’étend sur 202 km, le long des rivières Rideau et Cataraqui, depuis Ottawa au nord jusqu’au port de Kingston sur le lac Ontario au sud. Il a été construit à des fins principalement militaires et stratégiques à une époque où la Grande-Bretagne et les États-Unis se disputaient le contrôle de la région. Ce canal, qui est l’un des premiers à avoir été conçus spécialement pour les bateaux à vapeur, est associé à un ensemble de fortifications. Il s’agit du canal à plans d’eau le mieux préservé d’Amérique du Nord et il illustre l’utilisation à grande échelle de cette technologie européenne dans la région. C’est le seul canal datant de la grande époque de la construction de canaux en Amérique du Nord au début du XIXe siècle qui soit encore opérationnel sur tout son tracé initial et qui conserve intactes la plupart de ses structures d’origine.

The Rideau Canal, a monumental early 19th-century construction covering 202 km of the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers from Ottawa south to Kingston Harbour on Lake Ontario, was built primarily for strategic military purposes at a time when Great Britain and the United States vied for control of the region. The site, one of the first canals to be designed specifically for steam-powered vessels, also features an ensemble of fortifications. It is the best-preserved example of a slackwater canal in North America, demonstrating the use of this European technology on a large scale. It is the only canal dating from the great North American canal-building era of the early 19th century to remain operational along its original line with most of its structures intact.

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